Meret Oppenheim

(Berlin, 1913 – Basel, 1985)


Meret Oppenheim (1913-1985) was a Swiss Surrealist artist and writer known for her groundbreaking contributions to the Surrealist movement. Born in Berlin, she moved to Switzerland at a young age and began her artistic career as a model and muse in the 1930s.

Oppenheim's most famous work is the iconic "Object" (1936), a teacup, saucer, and spoon covered in fur, which is regarded as a quintessential Surrealist piece and a symbol of the movement's exploration of the uncanny and the subconscious. This creation, inspired by a conversation with Pablo Picasso and André Breton, challenged societal norms and conventional perceptions of the everyday.

Her engagement with the Surrealist movement led to her active participation in exhibitions alongside luminaries like Salvador Dali, Max Ernst, and Joan Miró. Her creative output extended beyond sculpture to include drawing, poetry, and writing. Oppenheim's prose demonstrated her fascination with the unconscious and erotic, often exploring the depths of human psyche.

Despite being associated with Surrealism, Meret Oppenheim's work continued to evolve throughout her career. In the 1950s, she delved into abstract art and later produced intricate, colorful tapestries. She was a pioneer in her ability to transcend artistic boundaries.

Meret Oppenheim left an indelible mark on the art world with her innovative and provocative creations, continuing to inspire artists and admirers alike. Her contributions to Surrealism and her influence on subsequent generations of artists solidify her legacy as one of the most influential female artists of the 20th century.

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