Raoul Ubac

(Malmedy, 1910 – Dieudonne, 1985)


Raoul Ubac, born Belgian, was a painter, sculptor, engraver and photographer. He moved to Paris in 1930 to study literature at the Sorbonne. Soon after he arrived, he decided to pursue art, studying at the Art Academy of Montparnasse, where he first encountered the Surrealists.

He saw surrealists regularly and often participated in the exhibitions of this group between 1934 and 1940. Man Ray and André Breton were particularly influential to him. He finished his studies in Cologne at the School of Applied Arts. Ubac implemented many of the experimental processes employed by the Surrealists and, along with David Hare, he invented the burning process, which was another method used to transform images in the darkroom. His photographs appeared in the Surrealist publication Minotaure.

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